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Hormozgan medical journal. 2021;25(2): 45-49.
doi: 10.34172/hmj.2021.01
  Abstract View: 34
  PDF Download: 25

Health Sciences

Research Article

Structural Model of Quality of Life Based on Optimism Mediated by Coping Strategies in Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Sana Larjani 1 ORCID logo, Shiva Dolatabadi 2* ORCID logo, Saeideh Bazzazian 3 ORCID logo, Peyman Hassani-Abharian 4 ORCID logo

1 Department of Psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, West Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Professor and Head of the Department of Cognitive Rehabilitation, Brain and Cognition Clinic, Institute for Cognitive Science Studies, Tehran, Iran
*Correspondence to Shiva Dolatabadi, Email: sh_dolatabadi@yahoo. com

Abstract

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can lead to a difficult and painful condition if left untreated and the heavy burden of the disease may create many problems for the patients.
Objectives: We aimed to design a structural model of quality of life based on optimism mediated by coping strategies in patients with HIV.

Methods: The research method was descriptive using structural equation modeling. The statistical population of the study consisted of all patients with HIV referred to the Iranian AIDS Studies Center and the Iranian Family Health Association during 2018-2019. The sample consisted of 250 patients with HIV referred to the Iranian AIDS Studies Center and the Iranian Family Health Association who were selected using convenience sampling based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were collected using the quality of life, Lazarus-Folkman coping styles, and revised life orientation questionnaires. Data were analyzed by Pearson’s correlation coefficient and structural equation modeling using SPSS software, version 22, and Lisrel software version 8.80.
Results: Coping strategies had a mediating role in the relationship between quality of life and optimism in patients with HIV (AGFI=0.92, RMSEA = 0.051).
Conclusions: Coping strategies played a mediating role in the relationship between optimism and quality of life so that quality of life increased with the direct effect of optimism and coping strategies.

Keywords: Quality of life, Human immunodeficiency virus, Optimism
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Submitted: 26 Dec 2020
Accepted: 01 Jun 2021
ePublished: 29 Jun 2021
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