Hormozgan medical journal. 2021;25(3): 98-103.
doi: 10.34172/hmj.2021.11
  Abstract View: 74
  PDF Download: 75

Research Article

Developing a Psychosomatic Symptoms Model based on Emotional Regulation, Defense Mechanisms, and Attachment Styles Mediated by Distress Level in psychosomatic Patients

Asghar Badaye 1 ORCID logo, Shahram Vaziri 2* ORCID logo, Farah Lotfi Kashani 2 ORCID logo

1 Department of Health Psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen Branch, Roodehen, Iran
*Correspondence to Shahram Vaziri, Email: vaziri_shahram@ yahoo.com


Background: Considering the important role of anxiety in people with psychosomatic disorders, recognizing their defense mechanisms, emotion regulation techniques, and attachment styles can help support them against anxiety and stress. The aim of this study was to develop a psychosomatic symptoms model based on emotional regulation, defense mechanisms, and attachment styles mediated by distress level.

Methods: In this descriptive correlational study using path analysis, 540 patients diagnosed with psychosomatic disorder using the Physical Health Questionnaire (PHQ15), were selected through purposive sampling among all medical centers in Tehran, Iran, during 2019. Then, they completed the short form of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, Adult Attachment Styles Questionnaire, Defense Styles Questionnaire, and Kessler Psychological distress Assessment Scale (Kessler, 2002). AMOS.22 and SPSS.22 software was used for data analysis.

Results: The indirect effect of anxious attachment (P<0.001), ambivalent attachment (P=0.048), immature defense mechanism (P<0.001), and neurotic defense mechanism (P<0.001) were confirmed to psychosomatic symptoms mediated by low distress. Also, the indirect effect of anxious attachment (P<0.001), mature defense mechanism (P=0.045), immature (P<0.001), and neurotic (P<0.001) correlated with psychosomatic symptoms mediated by high distress.

Conclusion: Considering distress tolerance as a moderating mechanism, there was a relationship between ambivalent and anxious attachment styles, and neurotic and immature defense mechanisms with psychosomatic symptoms.

Keywords: Emotional regulation, Psychological distress, Somatoform disorders, Anxiety disorders

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Submitted: 22 Dec 2020
Accepted: 29 Dec 2020
ePublished: 29 Sep 2021
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