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Hormozgan medical journal. 2021;25(1): 24-28.
doi: 10.5812/hmj.103203
  Abstract View: 78
  PDF Download: 56

Research Article

An Epidemiological Study of Traumatic Spinal Injuries in Iranian Patients from 2007 to 2017

Mohamadreza Saatian 1 ORCID logo, Nayereh Kasiri 2,3 ORCID logo, Younes Mohamadi 4 ORCID logo, Sajjad Sangestani 5 ORCID logo, Ali Abdoli 1 ORCID logo, Ehsan Mazloumi 1* ORCID logo

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Hamdan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran
3 Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran
4 Department of Epidemiology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
5 Department of Health Information Management, School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Correspondence to Ehsan Mazloumi, Email: ehsan.mazloumi1@ gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Traumatic spinal cord injuries (TSCIs) cause numerous adverse effects on spinal cord
and neural tissues. These injuries may have negative effects on physical and psychological health
during lifetime.
Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the epidemiology of TSCI in patients with trauma
admitted to Beasat hospital of Hamadan between 2007 and 2017.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 3219 patients with traumatic spinal injuries
admitted to Beasat Hospital of Hamadan between 2007 and 2017. Data were collected from hospital
information system. Data analysis was performed using SPSS. Quantitative data were expressed as
mean, standard deviation, and frequency; and qualitative data were analyzed using chi-square and
Fisher’s exact tests. The significance level was considered to be less than 0.05.
Results: Mortality was significantly associated with gender (P=0.001), age (P=0.051), external
causes (P=0.001), and type of injury (P=0.001). Length of hospital stay was significantly associated
with type of injury (P=0.001) and external causes (P=0.001), whereas there was no significant
relationship between length of hospital stay and gender, age, and surgery (P>0.0.05).
Conclusion: Mortality rates were highest at the age of 55 years and over compared with other age
groups. Thus, effective intervention and programs should be implemented for this age group.
Keywords: Epidemiology, Spinal injuries, Trauma, Hamadan
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Submitted: 31 Mar 2020
Accepted: 05 Aug 2020
ePublished: 17 Nov 2020
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