Hormozgan medical journal. 2021;25(1): 33-38.
doi: 10.5812/hmj.103041
  Abstract View: 165
  PDF Download: 126

Research Article

Trend of Incidence Rate of Suicide and Associated Factors in 2011-2015 in Zarand-Iran

Behnaz Aflatoonian 1, Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian 1, Habibalah Khanjari 2, Reza Mirzahosini Zarandi 3, Parisa Divsalar 4*

1 Research Center for Tropical and Infectious Diseases, Kerman, University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2 Zarand Governorship of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
3 HSR Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
4 Neuroscience Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
*Correspondence to Parisa Divsalar, Email: pdivsalar@yahoo.com


Background: Study of suicide and identify mental health problems, social, cultural and environmental
communities are effective for preventive measures and reducing risk factors.
Objectives: This study aimed to study epidemiology of suicide and its associated factors over 2011-2015
in Zarand.
Methods: In this epidemiological study, all people who committed suicide in 2011-2015 were investigated.
A standardized questionnaire was used to record the demogeraphic characteristics of the cases. Data was
analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, and logistic regression analysis.
Results: During 2011-2015, 2401 persons (372 at 100000) committed suicide of which 33 cases (5.1 at
100000) died. The results showed that suicide attempt rate in people with middle school education was
15.7 times greater than educated ones. Similar results showed the rate of suicide of the people in age
group 15-29 was 6.3 times higher than other age groups. Suicide attempt in retired and unemployed was
3.1 times more than employed and urban had suicide attempt rate of 1.6 times higher than rural.
Conclusion: In Zarand, the incidence of suicide is much higher than the global, country, and province
average (more than three to four times) and leading to death was much less than expected. However, there
are significant differences in the cause and manner and demographic characteristics with other studies
which require Creation SRCs (suicide registry centers) and qualitative studies with form layer analysis of
causes in Zarand.
Keywords: Epidemiology, Suicide, Risk factors, City of Zarand
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Submitted: 28 Mar 2020
Accepted: 21 Jul 2020
ePublished: 11 Nov 2020
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