Volume 15, Issue 2 (Summer 2011)                   hmj 2011, 15(2): 138-143 | Back to browse issues page

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Besharat M, Abbasi F, Khoshhal S. Infective endocarditis in intravenous drug users, evaluation of clinical and para-clinical presentation. hmj. 2011; 15 (2) :138-143
URL: http://hmj.hums.ac.ir/article-1-88-en.html
Assistant Professor Department of Infectious Disease , Infectious & Topical Medical Research Center
Abstract:   (9206 Views)
Introduction: 60 percent of hospitalization causes of intravenous drug users are infection, of which 5 to 15 percent of them due to endocorditis. Infective endocorditis is a common infection among intravenous drug users and can cause high mortality and morbidity. This study was conducted to evaluate clinical and para-clinical presentations of drug users.
Methods: In a descriptive study we evaluate 33 narcotic addicts with documented infective endocarditis in two tertiary care hospitals in Tehran, Iran Imam Hosein and Loghman Hakim hospitals during 2002-2008. Demographic information, clinical manifestation, radiologic, laboratory and echocardiographic data were evaluated. The data were analysed using SPSS software.
Results: 82% of patients were in 20-40 year old age group. 52% of the cases were referred to the hospital with main complain of fever and cough and 27% with pain and fever. Fever was observed in 91% of the patients. Positive blood culture was observed in 9 cases and negative blood culture in 14 cases. The most common involved valve was tricuspid. Mortality rate was 45%.
Conclusion: Endocarditis should be considered in intravenous drug users when they present with fever. Blood culture may be negative due to previous use of antibiotics and poor technique of culture.
Full-Text [PDF 179 kb]   (970 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2012/10/18

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