Volume 16, Issue 3 (Mar and Jul 2012)                   hmj 2012, 16(3): 173-180 | Back to browse issues page

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Hariri M, Abdohahian E, Jazayery A, Jalali M, Rahimi A. Effect of omega-3 supplementation on hyperactivity, oxidative stress in children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder. hmj. 2012; 16 (3) :173-180
URL: http://hmj.hums.ac.ir/article-1-31-en.html
MSc of Health Science in Nutrition
Abstract:   (8001 Views)
Introduction: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affect ~ 5% of school – aged children. This condition is associated commonly with difficulties in learning,behaviore, and psychosocial adjustment that persist into adulthood. Mounting evidence suggests that a lack of certain polyunsaturated fatty and stress oxidatie may contribute to neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders such as ADHD.
Methods: In this clinical trial study, 100, 6-12 years old, children with ADHD under effective maitenance therapy were assingned randomly, in a double-blind-fashion, to receive Omega-3 fatty acids (635 mg Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), 195mg Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) or placebo for 8 weeks. Outcome variables included activity of enzyme gelotatiun redoctase(GR), catalase (CAT) and superoxid dismutase (SOD) and abbreviated conners 10- item parent rating scale (CPRS), before and after supplementation.
Results: After 8 weeks supplementation a significant difference was observed in activity of SOD, GR enzymes (P<0.05) but there was no significant difference between groups at activity of CAT at the end of intervention. Furthermore, a significant improvement was seen in CPRS score in omega-3 group.
Conclusion: This study suggested that fatty acids supplementation may offer a safe efficacious treatment option for hyperactivity problems in ADHD and reduction of oxidative stress.
Full-Text [PDF 204 kb]   (1172 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2012/10/15

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