Volume 11, Number 1 (Spring 2007)                   hmj 2007, 11(1): 57-63 | Back to browse issues page


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Vakilian K, Khatami Doost F, Khorsandi M. Effect of Kangaroo mother care on maternal attachment behavior before. hmj. 2007; 11 (1) :57-63
URL: http://hmj.hums.ac.ir/article-1-233-en.html

Abstract:   (6083 Views)
Introduction: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) was first suggested in 1978 by Dr. Edgar Ray in Bogota, Colombia. It was developed initially as caring for low birth weight infants. Quantitative studies on the effect of KMC on maternal attachment behavior is few. It is specially true about different maternal behavior in various cultures. This study was done to evaluate KMC on attachment behaviors (affectionate, care giving , proximity) of Iranian primiparous mothers with term infants, shortly after birth.
Methods: This is a randomized trial that was done in one of Tehran's training hospitals. 90 samples were selected randomly and were divided to case and control groups. In the case group, newborn was let to have contact with mother's nude body. Newborn's nude body (without blanket or sheet) had contact with mother's skin for 15-20 minutes. The mother was asked to touch and breast-feed her baby after birth. But in the control group, the routine hospital procedure was undertaken.
Results: The result showed that there is difference between affectionate behaviors including looking (P<0.01), talking (P<0.02), proximity behaviors (close contact with mothers, P<0.001) and embracing the newborn. There was also a significant difference in the attachment behaviors in 2 groups. However, regarding care taking behavior, this difference was not significant .
Conclusion: Therefore, immediate contact as a kangaroo method between mother and newborn has a positive effect on attachment behavior and should be carried out in early hours post partum. Midwives who are the first care giver for mother and newborn, should be concerned about this (skin to skin) contact and increase the time of contact.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2012/10/21 | Accepted: 2017/10/17 | Published: 2017/10/17

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