Volume 10, Issue 1 (Spring 2006)                   hmj 2006, 10(1): 83-88 | Back to browse issues page

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Divsalar K, Nakhaei N, Shamsi Maimandi M, Dabiri S, Karimi Afshar R. Prevalence of opioid use based on urine sample among men referred to one of the clinical laboratories in Kerman,Iran. hmj. 2006; 10 (1) :83-88
URL: http://hmj.hums.ac.ir/article-1-1741-en.html
Abstract:   (527 Views)
Introduction: Comparing to other health problems, substance use epidemiology is a new area of research in Iran. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of opioid use among referees to a clinical laboratory by drug testing.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the urine sample of 1120 consecutive individuals referred to a major clinical laboratory in Kerman city were tested for opioid metabolites anonymously. At first, a screening test was done on samples (chromatographjic Immunoassay test, Enison, U.K) and then solid-liquid column chromatography and thin layer chromatography (Sam phannavar, Tehran, Iran) was done on positive samples as a confirmatory test. The results were analyzed using Chi-Square test and descriptive methods.
Results: Ninety-three percent of subjects were urban dwellers and the mean (±SD) age of the sample studied was 46.5 (±16.5). In 28.4% (318) of the specimens the screening test became positive and thin layer chromatography confirmed half of them as true positive. So, 14.4% of samples were positive regarding opioid metabolites.
Conclusion: Although individuals attending laboratory clinics may not be a representative sample of the whole Kermani population, but the relatively high figures obtained have significant implications for further research.
Full-Text [PDF 192 kb]   (91 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/10/17 | Accepted: 2017/10/17 | Published: 2017/10/17

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