Volume 20, Issue 3 (8-2016)                   hmj 2016, 20(3): 200-209 | Back to browse issues page

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Farzanegi P, Azarbayjani M A, Rasaee M J, Stannard S. Responses of cytokines to influenza vaccination in elite boy gymnasts. hmj. 2016; 20 (3) :200-209
URL: http://hmj.hums.ac.ir/article-1-1618-en.html
Department of Exercise Physiology
Abstract:   (1308 Views)


Introduction: Many of effects of exercise are mediated through cytokines. Inflammatory cytokines are increased by exercise and inhibited by anti-inflammatory cytokines. Meanwhile, vaccination leads to an increase in the inflammatory cytokines. To test the hypothesis that exercise training might alter the cytokine response to the influenza vaccine, we measured selected cytokines in elite boy gymnasts and non-exercising subjects who were administered with the influenza vaccine and compared these against non-vaccinated gymnasts.

Methods: Forty five healthy 9- to 12- years old children (30 gymnasts and 15 untrained) were assigned to training group (TG), training-vaccine group (TVG) and vaccine group (VG). The exercise protocol consisted of a 3 hours gymnastic practice, 3 days per week, for 8 weeks. TVG and VG group were immunized with trivalent influenza vaccine in the 0(Pre), 4 and 8th weeks. Pre- vaccination, 4 and 8 week blood samples were obtained in all subjects. Data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and repeated measures tests. Significance level was accepted at P<0.05.


Parvin Farzanegi, PhD.

Department of Exercise Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch.

Sari, Iran

Tel:+98 9112230233



Results: After the intervention, significant decreases in IL-6 and IFN-γ were observed in all the groups (P<0.05). A significant difference, in IL-6 level between TVG and TG groups at week 8, and a significant differences in INF-γ level between TVG and TG groups at week 4 were also observed (P<0.05). There was not a significant increase in the IL-2 in TVG and TG groups, but a significant increase was observed in VG (P<0.05). A significant difference in IL-2 level between TVG and VG groups, between TG and VG at 4th week and between TVG and VG at 8th week was observed.

Conclusion: The results demonstrate that gymnastic training and vaccine in healthy children lead to reduction in inflammatory cytokines. This might explain the immature immune system response in children to both vaccination and exercise training.

Keywords: Influenza, Vaccination, Athletes, Cytokine, Exercise
Citation: Farzanegi P, Azarbayjani MA, Rasaee MJ, Stannard SR. Responses of cytokines to influenza vaccination in elite boy gymnasts. Hormozgan Medical Journal 2016;20(3):200-209.
Full-Text [PDF 802 kb]   (282 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: medical
Received: 2016/12/20 | Accepted: 2016/12/20 | Published: 2016/12/20

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