Volume 19, Issue 5 (12-2015)                   hmj 2015, 19(5): 355-364 | Back to browse issues page

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HA. Jamali, K. Dindarloo, R. Jabbari. Optimization of fluoride in water using alum with response surface methodology. hmj. 2015; 19 (5) :355-364
URL: http://hmj.hums.ac.ir/article-1-1540-en.html
Abstract:   (1818 Views)

Introduction: Fluoride counts an essential element for human health. Therefore, both low and excessive concentrations of that element in drinking water may cause health problems for the consumers. The present study aims to optimize fluoride base in drinking water using Alum response surface methodology.

Methods: The present study is an analytical research which uses surface response method based on Bax Banken model for the optimizing of variable effects in elimination of drinking water fluoride where Spectrophotometer (UNICO-(UV/VIS), model 2150 according to the method of SPADNS presented in standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater has been employed. Three variables of initial concentration of fluoride, PH, and Alum were studied in three levels (+1, 0,-1). The required numbers of samples were 17 according to the model. Experimental results were analyzed using Design Expert 7 software. The experiments were carried out randomly in order to the elimination of systematic error. The research data were analyzed using multiple regression and coefficients as well as ANOVA where (P≤0.05) determined as significant level.


Kavoos Dindarloo, PhD.

Social Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences.

Bandar Abbas, Iran

Tel:+98 9177322660



Results: The results showed that initial concentration of fluoride, PH, and Alum are effective in determining the optimal sitaation. Each of these factors increases the efficiency of fluoride elimination to a certain level and after that which the efficiency decreases. In this process optimal conditions included initial concentration of fluoride3.25 mg/L, PH 6.55, and Alum concentration of 166 mg/L where in an efficient condition. Fluoride elimination equal to 76.83% with a desirability of 97.2%.

Conclusion: The results showed good agreement wbetween experimental and model predictions. It can be concluded that response surface methodology is a useful method for optimization of operating factors for the process of coagulation.

Keywords: Fluride, Water, Alum
Full-Text [PDF 510 kb]   (874 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/04/5 | Accepted: 2016/04/5 | Published: 2016/04/5

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