Volume 19, Number 2 (6-2015)                   hmj 2015, 19(2): 127-139 | Back to browse issues page


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Zazouli M A, Balark D. Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous environments using adsorbents (Lemna and Azolla): An Equilibrium and Kinetics Study. hmj. 2015; 19 (2) :127-139
URL: http://hmj.hums.ac.ir/article-1-1474-en.html

MSc of Environmental Health Engineering
Abstract:   (1311 Views)

Introduction: Chromium is among the important heavy metals which is found in most industrial wastes and is associated with both health and environmental risks. Therefore, this study tries to analyze the efficiency of lemna and azolla powders in removing hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions. Methods: As an experimental trial, this study was conducted experimentally in the lab scale. Initially, lemna and azolla were collected and washed three times with distilled water. They were desiccated in a dry heat, set on 105°C, for 24 hours and then were sieved with a 10-30-mesh sieve. Variation in pH, adsorbent dose, contact time, and initial metal ion concentration were investigated and the remaining concentration was analyzed using spectrophotometer (540 nm). [Equilibrium] Adsorption data were explained using the adsorption isotherms and kinetics. Results: The results of the study indicated that increasing adsorbent dose and contact time will increase adsorption efficiency with both adsorbents (azolla and lemna), whereas the adsorption capacity will be decreased also, efficiency of [chromium] removal was decreased with decreasing the initial concentration of chromium and the best pH that can be used for removing chromium was found 3. For adsorbents used in this study, the best type of isotherm was Langmuir and the best reaction kinetics was second order kinetics. Conclusion: Generally, the adsorbents considered in this study, as inexpensive adsorbents, can be used successfully for treating industrial wastes and aqueous solutions.

Keywords: Chromium (VI) – Azolla - Adsorption
Citation: Zazouli MA, Balark D. Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous environments using adsorbents (Lemna and Azolla): An Equilibrium and Kinetics Study. Hormozgan Medical Journal 2015;19(2):127-139.
Full-Text [PDF 741 kb]   (529 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/08/17 | Accepted: 2015/08/17 | Published: 2015/08/17

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