Volume 20, Number 5 (12-2016)                   hmj 2016, 20(5): 287-292 | Back to browse issues page


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azizi M, Rajaei M, Najafian A, Zare S, Iranfar M, Abbasian M. Comparing the effectiveness of broad spectrum antibiotic prophylaxis with single agent antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent post-cesarean section infection. hmj. 2016; 20 (5) :287-292
URL: http://hmj.hums.ac.ir/article-1-1645-en.html

MD Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Abstract:   (520 Views)

Introduction: The rate of cesarean delivery is increasing. Infection is one of the most frequent and important complications of emergency cesarean section. Infection prophylaxis has an important role to reduce post-cesarean delivery complication. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of broad spectrum antibiotic prophylaxis (Azithromycin+Cephalotin) with single agent antibiotic prophylaxis (Cephalotin) to prevent post-cesarean section infection in Shariati hospital patient since August 2012 to August 2013.

Methods: This clinical trial study was carried out in Shariati hospital of Bandar Abbas, Iran. 424 pregnant women were recruited and divided to two groups. Group 1 received Azithromycin and Cephalotin as a preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis and group 2 receives routine antibiotic regime (Cephalotin and placebo). To find any signs or symptoms of post-cesarean infection, patients were visited one mount after discharge. Collected data entered to SPSS software version 16 and descriptive and comparative test were performed.

Correspondence:

Maryam Iranfar, MD.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences.

Bandar Abbas, Iran

Tel:+98 9177367653

Email:

iranfar.maryam@yahoo.com

Results: Our findings show that during one month after cesarian, in 4.3% (10 cases) of group 1 patients and 25.5% (55 cases) of group 2 patients, symptoms and signs of infection were observed. The difference between two groups was significant (P=0.000). We found no significant difference between demographic and other medical details.

Conclusion: Azithromycin have a significant effect on prevention of post-cesarean infection. Increasing the use of this broad spectrum agent as a part of antibiotic prophylaxis can decrease wound infection and other infectious complications of cesarean delivery.

Keywords: Antibiotic, Section, Infection
Citation: Azizi M, Rajaei M, Najafian A, Zare S, Iranfar M, Abbasian M. Comparing the effectiveness of broad spectrum antibiotic prophylaxis with single agent antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent post-cesarean section infection. Hormozgan Medical Journal 2017;20(5):287-292.
Full-Text [PDF 444 kb]   (217 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: medical
Received: 2017/03/6 | Accepted: 2017/03/6 | Published: 2017/03/6

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